Pengembangan alat uji tarik dengan beban maksimal 2 kN

D.L. Zariatin, R.M. Kurniawan, N. Ikhsan

Abstract


 

To find out the characteristics of a material, various tests are needed. One of them is the tensile test. Various brands of tensile testing machines for natural fibers and composite materials applications are available on the market. However, it becomes a challenge to design and manufacture a prototype tensile test machine by utilizing existing components. The Pahl & Beitz design method was used in the design process. The third variant among the three generated variants was chosen and manufactured. The performance test was carried out on a specimen according to ASTM D 638 type 1. It is found that the tensile load was 698 N, and the tensile strength was 16.6 MPa. As a comparison, similar specimens were tested by using UTM tension RTF-2410. The average tensile strength was 17.4 MPa. It can be concluded that the tensile test machine worked adequately with a deviation of 0.8 MPa. This deviation can occur due to differences in specimens.


Keywords


Tensile Test Equipment; Pneumatic; Composite Material

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adriant Z., Zariatin D.L., 2019, The Effect of Mesh Size on Mechanical and Thermal Properties of Bamboo Composites, Jurnal Energy, Mech. Mater. Manufaktur Engginering, 10(20), 1-13.

Budiman A., Sugiman, 2016, Karakteristik Sifat Mekanik Komposit Serat Bambu Resin Polyester Tak Jenuh dengan Filler Partikel Sekam, Jurnal Dinamika Teknik Mesin, 6(1), 76-82.

Dabet A., Safriwardi F., Jannifar A., 2018, Rancang Bangun Alat Uji Tarik Serat Aalami untuk Mendukung Industri Nasional, Jurnal Teknik Mesin, 16(1), 13-22.

Förster R., Loth A., Dahmir D., Zariatin D.L., 2018, First Investigations Of Renewable Raw Materials For Engineering Applications, Prosiding 2018 World Conference on Timber Engineering – WCTE 2018, Seoul, Republik Korea.

Higashi I., Ku T., 2014, Tensilon Universal Material Testing Machine RTF Series, A&D’s advanxed Univers. Test. mechine, 1(8), 2-14.

Kurniawan R.M., 2019, Perancangan Alat Uji Tarik dengan Beban 2000 N untuk Pengujian Material Komposit Alami, Jurnal Seminar Nasional Rekayasa Teknologi, 1(55), 1-10.

Maryanti B., As’ad sonief A., Wahyudi S., 2011, Pengaruh Alkalisasi Serat Kelapa-Poliester Terhadap Kekuatan Tarik, Jurnal Rekayasa Mesin, 2(2), 123-128.

Mahmuda E., Savetlana S., Sugiyanto, 2013, Pengaruh Pnjang Serat Terhadap Kekuatan Tarik Komposit Berpenguat Serat Ijuk Dengan Matrik Epoxy, Jurnal FEMA, 1(3), 79-84.

Muslim J., Sari N.H., Sulistyowati E.D., 2013, Analisis Sifat Kekuatan Tarik Dan Kekuatan Bending Komposit Hibryd Serat Lidah Mertua Dan Karung Goni Dengan Filler Abu Sekam Padi 5% Bermatrik Epoxy, Jurnal Teknik Mesin, 3(1), 26-33.

Kurniawan Nasution F., 2017, Penyelidikan Karakteristik Mekanik Tarik Komposit Serbuk Kasar Kenaf, Jurnal Inotera, 2(1), 1-8.

Ndale F.X., 2013, Sifat Fisik dan Mekanik Bambu Sebagai Bahan Kontruksi, Jurnal Teknosiar, 7(2), 22-31.

Pahl G., Beitz W., Feldhusen J., Grote K.H., 2007, Engineering Design : a systematic approach, Third edition, Germany.

Pandiatmi P., Okariawan, Sulistyowati E.D., Salman, Chatur Adhi A.K., 2017, Pembuatan mesin uji tarik kapasitas kecil: Bagian Data Akuisisi, Jurnal Dinamika Teknik Mesin, 7(1), 45-49.

Rahman A., Farid M., Ardhyananta H., 2016, Pengaruh Komposisi Material Komposit dengan Matriks Polypropylene Berpenguat Serat Alam Terhadap Morfologi dan Kekuatan Sifat Fisik, Jurnal TekNIK ITS, 5(2), 209-211.

Refiadi G., Bayu N., Judawisastra H., Mardiyati, 2018, Serat Bambu Petung (Dendrocalamus Asper) Teralkalisasi sebagai Penguat Komposit Polimer, Jurnal Selulosa, 8(1), 1-8.

Surata I.W., Lokantara I.P., Arimbawa A.P., 2016, Studi Sifat Mekanis Komposit Epoxy Berpenguat Serat Sisal Orientasi Acak yang Dicetak dengan Teknik Hand-Lay Up, Jurnal Energi dan Manufaktur, 9(2), 143-146.

Zulkifli, Hermansyah H., Subur Mulyanto, 2018, Analisa Kekuatan Tarik dan Bentuk Patahan Komposit Serat Sabuk Kelapa Bermatriks Epoxyterhadap Variasi Fraksi Volume Serat, Jurnal Teknologi Terpadu, 6(2), 90-95.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.29303/dtm.v11i2.371

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Dede Lia Zariatin, Rezki Megi Kurniawan, Nurul Ikhsan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.