PENGARUH KOMPOSISI BRIKET BIOMASSA KULIT KACANG TANAH DAN ARANG TONGKOL JAGUNG TERHADAP KARAKTERISTIK BRIKET

Purnawarman Purnawarman, Nurchayati Nurchayati, Yesung Allo Padang

Abstract


Energy crisis in the world especially from fossil fuels which caused by the depletion of non-renewable petroleum reserves. It is therefore necessary to find sources of alternative fuels that are renewable. Biomass is a solid waste that can be used as a fuels source. Peanuts shell and cobs are biomass from agricultural waste which is quite abundant so it is potential to be used as a source of alternative fuels.

In this study, peanuts shell biomass combined with charcoal cobs to be made into briquettes by varying the percentage composition of peanuts shell biomass and charcoal cobs as follows 75 : 25, 50 : 50, and 25 : 75. Briquettes that have been printed and then tested its characteristic include heating value, moisture content and ash content.

The results show that as the increasing percentage of the charcoal cobsĀ  have a significant influence on the characteristic of the briquettes. Briquettes with mix KKT 25 : ATJ 75 has an higher heating value (HHV) and lower heating value (LHV) the highest is equal to 28.718 kJ/kg and 28.279 kJ/kg, and the lowest percentage of moisture content is equal to 5.854%, but the highest result percentage of ash content is equal to 9.326%. Based on the test of these characteristic, biomass briquettes peanuts shell - charcoal cobs meet quality standards that have been established and eligible to became a source of alternative fuels.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Anonim 1., 2011, Arang. http://www.wikipedia.org. Diunduh tanggal 15 Oktober 2011.

Anonim 2., 2011, Bahan Bakar. http://www.wikipedia.org. Diunduh tanggal 2 Maret 2012.

Anonim 3., 2011, Konversi Energi. http://www.file.upi.edu/direktori/konver _energi_bag_I.pdf. Diunduh tanggal 21 April 2012.

Hendra, D., dan Pari, G., 2000, Penyempurnaan Teknologi Pengolahan Arang, Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Hutan, Bogor.

Kardianto, P., 2009, Pengaruh Variasi Jumlah Campuran Perekat terhadap Karakteristik Arang Briket Batang Jagung, Jurusan Teknik Mesin Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Negeri Semarang.

Ndraha, N., 2009, Uji Komposisi Bahan Pembuat Briket Bioarang Tempurung Kelapa dan Serbuk Kayu Terhadap Mutu Yang Dihasilkan, Jurusan Teknik Pertanian Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Sumatera Utara.

Pambudi, N.A., 2008, Energi Alternatif Itu Bernama Biomassa. http://www.netsains.com. Diunduh tanggal 5 April 2012.

Rikmajati, I., 2009, Energi Biomassa. http://www.endarikmajati.blogspot.com. Diunduh tanggal 21 April 2012.

Rohmawati, I., Sarwono., dan Hamtoro, R., 2011, Studi Eksperimental Karakteristik Briket Organik Bahan Baku Dari Twa Gunung Bau, Jurusan Teknik Fisika, Institut Teknologi Surabaya, Surabaya.

Schoff, A., 2004, Biomass Green Tool for Energy Transition in The Netherland, Ministry of Economic Affair, Dutch.

Statistik NTB, B.P., 2010, Nusa Tenggara Barat Dalam Angka, Badan Pusat Statistik NTB, Mataram.

Suheryanto, D., dan Haryanto, T., 2010, Arang Briket Biomassa Dari Sampah Kota Sebagai Bahan Bakar Alternatif, Jurusan Teknik Kimia Fakultas Teknik Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang.

Sunyata, A., dan Wulur, P.D., 2008, Pengaruh Kerapatan dan Suhu Pirolisa Terhadap Kualitas Briket Arang Serbuk Kayu Sengon, Fakultas Kehutanan, Institut Pertanian Yogyakarta.

Surono, U.B., 2010, Peningkatan Kualitas Pembakaran Biomassa Limbah Tongkol Jagung Sebagai Bahan Bakar Alternatif Dengan Proses Karbonisasi dan Pembriketan, Jurnal Rekayasa Proses, Vol.4, No.1.

Tjokrowisastro, E.H., dan Widodo, B.U.K., 1990, Teknik Pembakaran Dasar dan Bahan Bakar, Jurusan Teknik Mesin Fakultas Teknologi Industri, Institut Teknologi Surabaya, Surabaya.

Widodo, B.U.K., 1987, Analisis Termofisik Kulit Kacang Tanah. http://www.digilib.its.ac. Diunduh 15 Desember 2011.

Yudha., 2008, Krisis Energi Dunia. http://www.google.co.id.

Diunduh 15 Desember


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 Dinamika Teknik Mesin

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.