Pemanfaatan limbah perkebunan (kayu karet) menggunakan tungku beehives modifikasi

F. Bahfie, F. Nurjaman, U. Herlina, A. Shofi, S. Sumardi

Abstract


Biomass can be used for energy production from renewable sources. Due to the social resistance to crop burning, mixtures and pellets made from or including waste materials are a good alternative. Plantation waste becomes a problem, namely reducing land which ultimately destroys the soil and the ecosystem around the land. This waste has the potential to become charcoal that supports biomass production in Indonesia with modified beehive furnaces. The carbonized rubber charcoal has a fixed carbon content of 63% with 37% of ash, volatile and water impurities. And the redemption value in this process is around 15% which has a profit margin of 200% from the purchase capital of rubber wood waste. The carbonization process with modified beehive furnaces can be a recommendation for the manufacture of charcoal from plantation waste.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Cardozo E., Erlich C., Alejo L., Fransson T. H., 2016, Comparison of the thermal power availability of different agricultural residues using a residential boiler, Biomass Conv. Bioref,. 4, 1-13.

Colantoni A., Paris E., Bianchini L., Ferri S., Marcantonio V., Carnevale M., Palma A., Civitarese V., Gallucci F., 2021, Spent cofee ground characterization, pelletization test and emissions assessment in the combustion process, Scientific Reports, 11, 1-14.

Emília H., Juraj L., Ján V., Ladislav D., 2016, Combustion of biomass fuel and residues: emissions production perspective, Developments in Combustion Technology, 1, 1-32.

Groscurth H., Almeida A., Bauen A., Costa F., Ericsson J., Giegrich J., 2000, Total costs and benefits of biomass in selected regions of the European Union, Energy, 25, 1081–95.

Horvat I., dan Dović D., 2018, Combustion of agricultural biomass – issues and solutions, Transactions of Famena XlII-Special issue, 1, 75-86.

Irish Bioenergy Association, 2017, Project report for biomass combustion emissions study, 1-156.

Marangwanda G.T., Madyira D.M., Babarinde T.O., 2020, Combustion models for biomass: a review, Energy Reports, 6, 664–67.

Mitchell E. J. S., 2017, Emissions from residential solid fuel combustion and implications for air quality and climate change, Dissertation, University of Leeds, 1-361.

Reinoso M. J. V., Pinna H. M. G., Fernández F. M. D., Sánchez M. J. A., López H. J. C., Acién F. F. G., 2021, Boiler combustion optimization of vegetal crop residues from greenhouses, Agronomy, 11, 626

Tillman D, 2000, Biomass co-firing: the technology, the experience, and the combustion consequences, Biomass and Bioenergy, 19, 365–84.

US Department of Energy, 1997, Renewable energy technology characterizations.

Vamvuka D., Loukeris D., Stamou E., Vlasiadis A., Sfakiotakis S., Bandelis G., 2020, Development and performance of a multi-fuel residential boiler burning agricultural residues, Front. Energy Res., 8,136.

Varnero C. S., dan Urrutia M. V., 2017, Power form agripellets, Frontiers in Bioenergy and Biofuels, 465-480.

Wei H. C., Bo J. L., Yu Y. L., Yen S. C., Aristotle T. U., Pau L. S., Hwai C. O., Jo S. C., Shih H. H., Alvin B. C., Anélie P., Mathieu P., 2021, Progress in biomass torrefaction: Principles, applications and challenges, Prog. in Ener. and Comb. Sci. 82, 100887.

Yulianto M., Agustina S. E., Hartulistiyoso E., Oscar L., Nelwan, Nurlela, 2017, Study of temperature characterization of agricultural waste in the development of stove for combine heat power, AIP Conference Proceedings, 1826, 1-9.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.29303/dtm.v11i2.480

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Fathan Bahfie

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.