Pengaruh variasi sudut terjunan terhadap unjuk kerja pompa hydram (hydraulic ram pump)

R. Sutanto, K. Wardani, M. Wirawan, S. Salman

Abstract


Water is one of the factors which very important and necessary in the life of living creatures. Therefore, water must be available whenever and wherever in the quantity, timing, and sufficient quality. Hydraulic Ram Pump (Hydram) is a pump does not require external energy as the power source. The purposes of this research are understanding the influence of falling angle from the hydrant pump toward generated debit and finding the influence of the falling angle of the hydrant pump to generated efficiency. This research uses hydrant pump by the specification of tube compressor its’ diameter 3 inches and a height 60 cm. the falling angle of pump are 35°, 40°, 45°, 50° and 55°. The falling-height is 1 meter  with five variations of weight-lift 3, 3½, 4, 4½, and 5 meters. The method of analysis is conducted by analyzing data obtained during the experiment, where the  results in the form of quantitative data which is presented in type of  tables and displayed in graphical form. The results of the research shows that  the best output debit on falling 35 ° namely 0.079 L / s  with 3 meters’ water weight-lift, while the lowest output debit on falling 55 ° namely 0.010 L / s 5 meters’ water weight-lift. The best efficiency is 6.103% in the falling angle of  35 ° with 3 meters’ of water weight-lift, while the lowest efficiency is 1.239% in the falling angle of 55 ° with 5 meters’ of water weight-lift.

Keywords


Pump Hydram;Angle waterfall; Debit;Efficiency

Full Text:

PDF

References


Cahyanta, Y.A. dan Taufik, I. 2008. Studi Terhadap Prestasi Pompa Hidraulik Ram Dengan Variasi Beban Katup Limbah. Jurusan Teknik Mesin Universitas Sanata Dharma. Yogyakarta.

Herawati, Y., Kuswartomo., and Wibowo, G.D., 2009. Pengaruh Panjang Pipa Inlet Terhadap Efisiensi Pompa Hidram. Jurusan Teknik Sipil Fakultas Teknik Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta. Surakarta.

Putra, T. 2010. Pengujian Pompa Hidram Sebagai Pompa Ramah Lingkungan. Skripsi. Universitas Mataram. Mataram.

Siahaan, P. 2012. Rancang Bangun Dan Uji Eksperimental Pengaruh Variasi Panjang Driven Pipe Dan Diameter Air Chamber Terhadap Efisiensi Pompa Hidram. Jurusan Teknik Mesin Universitas Sumatra Utara. Medan.

Sutanto, R. dan Wirawan, M., 2011, Analisa Pengaruh Variasi Susunan Terhadap Kemampuan Unjuk Kerja Pompa Hidram Ditinjau Dari Aspek Tinggi Terjunan, Jurnal Dinamika Teknik Mesin Vol 1 / No 1, Januari – Juni 2011, ISSN no. 2088-088X, hal 21-25.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.29303/dtm.v0i0.250

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Dinamika Teknik Mesin: Jurnal Keilmuan dan Terapan Teknik Mesin

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.