Uji variasi temperatur dan campuran bahan bakar terhadap karakteristik spray

M.H.A. Rafdi, N. Ilminnafik, D. Djumhariyanto, D.L. Setyawan, H. Sutjahjono, A. Sanata, I. Hardiatama

Abstract


The use of biodiesel fuel has a very high viscosity and density compared to diesel oil, this makes diesel engine performance less than optimal. With the addition of gasoline to biodiesel, it will reduce the viscosity and density of biodiesel and have a lower flash point. And also the fuel heating process aims to reduce the level of viscosity and density of the fuel so that it is the same as diesel oil. This study aims to know the spray characteristics of fuel B0 (100% diesel oil), B30 (30% biodiesel and 70% diesel oil) and B30G5 (95%B30 and 5% diesel oil) with temperature variations 60ºC, 80ºC, and 100ºC on injection pressure of 17 MPa. The results of the tests that have been carried out that the increase in temperature of the fuel and variations in injection pressure will affect the value of the spray tip penetration, and the spray area. The result of the spray characteristic test that produces a good value is B0 fuel (100% diesel) but the closest to the B0 fuel value is B30G5.


Keywords


Spray characteristic; Biodiesel; Callophyllum inuphylum

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ahmad, A.S., Studi eksperimen unjuk kerja mesin diesel sistem dual fuel dengan variasi tekanan penginjeksian pada injektor mesin Yanmar TF55R Di, Skripsi, Program Sarjana Fakultas Teknologi Industri Insitut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya, 2017.

Anis, S., Budiandono, G. N., Investigation of the effects of preheating temperature of biodiesel-diesel fuel blends on spray characteristics and injection pump performances, Renewable Energy, 140, 274-280, 2019.

Aziz, I., Nurbayti, S., Ulum, B., Pembuatan produk biodiesel dari minyak goreng bekas dengan cara esterifikasi dan transesterifikasi, Valensi, 2(3), 443-448, 2011.

Azis, M. L., Hakim, L., Ilminnafik, N., Karakteristik spray bahan bakar campuran minyak diesel dan biodiesel callophyllum inophyllum, Rotor, 13(1), 27, 2020.

Bachtiar, H. H., Fachri, B. A., Ilminnafik, N., Flame characteristics of diffusion of calophyllum inophyllum methyl ester on mini glass tube, 1(1), 40–47, 2019.

Chen, H., He, J., Chen, Y., Hua, H., Performance of a common rail diesel engine using biodiesel of waste cooking oil and gasoline blend, Journal of the Energy Institute, 2017.

Dash S.K., Lingfa, P., AIP Conference Proceedings, 1859(1), 020100, AIP Publishing, july, 2017.

Hoang, A. T., Experimental study on spray and emission characteristics of a diesel engine fueled with preheated bio-oils and diesel fuel, Energy, 171, 795-808, 2019.

Khalid, A., Yohan, C., Jaat, M., Zaman, I., Manshoor, B., Ali, M. F. M., Effect of preheated fuel on mixture formation of biodiesel spray, Mechanics and Materials, 393, 493-498, 2013.

Priyanto, D., Sudarmanta, B., Studi eksperimental pengaruh temperatur pemanasan bahan bakar biodiesel palm oil (B100) terhadap unjuk kerja mesin diesel sistem injeksi langsung diamond tipe Di800, Jurnal Teknik POMITS, 4(2), 2301-9271, 2017.

Sandhiyoga G., Mustapa, Hakim, L., Nasrul. I., Nurkoyim, M., Rika, D. H. Q., Karakteristik spray biodiesel callophylum inophyllum dan campurannya dengan pemanasan, Jurnal Prosiding Semnas Mesin PNJ, 55-61, 2020.

Udayana, I. K. O., Wirawan, I. K. G., Astika, I M., Pengaruh pemanasan awal dan variasi tekanan bahan bakar terhadap karakterstik biodiesel, ISSN 2338-414X, 326-335, 2019.

Varun K. R. N., Sangashetty, S., Banapurmath, N. R., Performance and emissions evaluation of diesel engine fueled with exhaust gas energy preheated CAOME biodiesel, Materials Today Proceedings, 45, 290–293, 2021.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.29303/dtm.v12i1.501

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2022 Muhammad Hasby Alifka Rafdi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

 
 

After being re-accredited, the Journal of Dinamika Teknik Mesin, still has sinta 3 (S3) which is valid until 2025, but certificates and decrees have not been issued.