Performance of crusher machine for crushing coconut coir into cocopeat and coco fibre

R.A. Anugrah

Abstract


The abundant resources of coconut coir in Indonesia, especially a tiny village in Kulon Progo district, namely Kadigunung, hadn't been used before this research. It was thrown away and mostly just burned by the villagers. Even though it can be used to become natural organic fertilizer for agriculture, most of the population members are making a living as farmers. But there is a problem when processing to make the fertilizer, and it is the use of conventional manner to crush the coconut coir into cocopeat and coco fibre. So they needed appropriate technology and crusher machines. It is a gasoline-powered crushing device with 5.5 hp and 2000 rpm. It has 21 moving and 12 fixed blades. The research data were obtained by digital tachometer and sound level meter measurements. Other data were also measured by formula calculation. The results of this research involved the data of fuel consumption, the machine's capacity, depreciation of raw coconut coir, noise level, linear v-belt velocity, and rpm of the blade shaft. They were 1.8 L, 0.05 kg, 99.3 dB, 2π m/s, and 330 rpm, respectively. So it can be inferred that the crushing machine is a good performance.


Keywords


Crusher machine; Coconut coir; Cocopeat Coco fibre; Performance

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adeel, S., Kiran, S., Habib, N., Hassan, A., Kamal, S., Qayyum, M.A., Tariq, K., Sustainable ultrasonic dyeing of wool using coconut coir extract, Textile Research Journal, 90(7-8), 744-756, 2020.

Anugrah, R.A., Nurisna, Z., Widiyanto, F., Latif, A.A., Performance analysis of plastic bottle crushing machine with electric motor drive, Jurnal Engine: Energi, Manufaktur, Dan Material, 4(1), 14-19, 2020.

Anzani, M.S., Pembuatan pupuk organik cair dari ekstrak cair rumput laut Sargassum sp. segar dengan fermentasi silase ikan, sabut kelapa, dan batang pisang, Skripsi Universitas Islam Negeri Syarif Hidayatullah, iix, 1-85, 2016.

Ardiansyah, M.R., Salim, J., Susihono, W., Pengaruh intensitas kebisingan terhadap tekanan darah dan tingkat stres kerja, Jurnal Teknik Industri, 1(1), 7-12, 2013.

Djiwo, S., Setyawan, E.Y., Mesin teknologi tepat guna sabut kelapa di UKM sumber rejeki kabupaten Kediri. Prosiding Seminar Nasional dan Gelar Produk, Malang, 2016.

Etim, U.J., Umoren, S.A., Eduok, U.M., Coconut coir dust as a low cost adsorbent for the removal of cationic dye from aqueous solution. Journal of Saudi Chemical Society, 20, S67–S76, 2016.

Fangueiro, R., Rana, S., Natural fibres: advances in science and technology towards industrial applications, Penerbit Springer, Guimaraes, 2016.

Israel, A.U., Ogali, R.E., Akaranta, O., Obot, I.B., Extraction and characterization of coconut (cocos nucifera L.) coir dust. Songklanakarin Journal of Science and Technology, 33(6), 717–724, 2011.

Jibrin M.U., Amonye M.C., Akonyi N.S., Oyeleran O.A., Design and development of a crop residue crushing machine. Ijei, 2(8), 28–34, 2013.

Kamaleswaran, K., Venkateshwaran, M., Harinath, P., Mydeen, M.A., Kirubakaran, V., Energy conservation potential in rural industry: A case study on coir industry. IEEE International Conference on Circuit, Power and Computing Technologies, Nagercoil, India, 2015.

Khedari, J., Charoenvai, S., Hirunlabh, J., New insulating particleboards from durian peel and coconut coir. Building and Environment, 38(3), 435–441, 2003.

Krishnan, V.N., Ramesh, A., Synthesis and characterization of cellulose nanofibers from coconut coir fibers. IOSR Journal of Applied Chemistry, 6(3), 18–23, 2013.

Müssig, J., Fischer, H., Graupner, N., Drieling, A. Industrial applications of natural fibres: structure, properties and technical applications. Penerbit John Wiley & Sons, New York, 2010.

Patel, S.K.S., Kalia, V.C., Joo, J.B., Kang, Y.C., Lee, J.K., Biotransformation of methane into methanol by methanotrophs immobilized on coconut coir, Bioresource Technology, 297, 2020.

Prashant, Y., Gopinath, C., Ravichandran, V., Design and Development of Coconut Fiber Extraction Machine, SASTECH Journal, 13(1), 64-72, 2014.

Regulation of the Minister of Health of the Republic of Indonesia Number 70 of 2016 concerning Standards and

Requirements for Health in the Industrial Work Environment, Director General of Legislation, Ministry of

Law and Human Rights of the Republic of Indonesia, 13, 315, 2017.

Sánchez-Molina, J.A., Rodríguez, F., Guzmán, J.L., & Ramírez-Arias, J.A., Water content virtual sensor for tomatoes in coconut coir substrate for irrigation control design, Agricultural Water Management, 151, 114-125, 2015.

Sathiparan, N., Rupasinghe, M.N., Pavithra, B.H.M., Performance of coconut coir reinforced hydraulic cement mortar for surface plastering application. Construction and Building Materials, 142, 23-30, 2017.

Senthilnathan, D., Babu, A.G., Bhaskar, G.B., Gopinath, K.G.S., Characterization of glass fibre - Coconut coir-human hair hybrid composites. International Journal of Engineering and Technology, 6(1), 75-82, 2014.

Shankar, D., Sivakumar, D., Thiruvengadam, M., Manojkumar, M., Colour removal in a textile industry wastewater using coconut coir pith. Pollution Research, 33(3), 499-503, 2014.

Sutowo, C., Diniardi, E., Maryanto, Perencanaan mesin penghancur plastik kapasitas 30 kg/jam, SINTEK JURNAL: Jurnal Ilmiah Teknik Mesin, 39-49, 2000.

Villa, F.T., Coconut husk mini-chipper machine, International Journal of Engineering Research and General Science, 4(1), 611–623, 2016

Wati, E.K., Pengukuran dan analisis kebisingan permukiman tepi rel kereta listrik, Jurnal STRING: Satuan Tulisan Riset dan Inovasi Teknologi, 4(3), 273-279, 2020.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.29303/dtm.v12i2.517

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

 
 

After being re-accredited, the Journal of Dinamika Teknik Mesin, still has sinta 3 (S3) which is valid until 2025, but certificates and decrees have not been issued.