Kinerja pengering satu tungku penukar panas dengan energi sekam padi untuk mengeringkan pisang menggantikan pengeringan langsung matahari

I.B. Alit, I.G.B. Susana


The banana drying process for small farmers only uses the sun due to technological and cost limitations. The weakness of drying products is that they are very dependent on the weather. An alternative is to use a rice husk energy dryer because it is cheap and easy to obtain. The method involves converting rice husks into thermal utilizing a heat exchanger. The heat exchanger transfers heat from burning the husk to the drying chamber. Research was conducted to compare the temperature and drying time between sun drying and rice husk dryers. Apart from that, to determine the dryer's performance for drying bananas for a small-scale farmer. As a result, the rice husk energy dryer provides a shorter time than drying under the sun. To reduce the water content from 72% to a maximum of 40%, the time required for a rice husk energy dryer is 300 minutes, and 660 minutes for sun drying. The resulting temperature averages 55.11oC, while sun drying averages 29.02oC. In addition, the rice husk energy dryer produces a drying efficiency of 44.15%, which occurs at the beginning of drying and ends at 4.61%. This is a result of the high initial moisture content. During drying, the water content of the material evaporates, which impacts the energy absorption process by the banana from the dryer. The drying rate also followed this pattern: at the beginning, it was highest at 5.93 g/minute, and at the end, it was the lowest at 0.1 g/minute.


Rice husks; Heat exchanger; Banana; Dryer

Full Text:



Alit, I.B., Susana, I G.B., Drying performance of Jackfruit dodol using rice husk energy on household in Lombok, Indonesia, Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, 17, 15, 2021.

Alit, I.B., Susana, I G.B., Karakteristik termal-produktivitas heat exchanger untuk tungku sekam padi pada pengeringan cabai merah, Jurnal Riset Teknologi Industri, 15(2), 307-317, 2021.

Awulu, J.O., Omale, P.A., Ameh, J.A., Comparative analysis of calorific values of selected agricultural wastes, Nigerian Journal of Technology (NIJOTECH), 37(4), 1141-1146, 2018.

Bergman, T.L., Lavine, A.S., Incropera, F.P., DeWitt, D.P., Fundamental of heat and mass transfer, eidis 7, penerbit John Wiley & Sons, New York, 2011.

Bououd, M., Hachchadi, O., Mechaqrane, A., Plate flat finned tubes heat exchanger: heat transferand pressure drop modeling, IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 161, 012001, 2018.

BPS Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Barat, Luas panen dan produksi padi di Nusa Tenggara Barat 2022 (hasil kegiatan pendataan statistik pertanian tanaman pangan terintegrasi dengan metode kerangka sampel area), 2023.

Brooker, D.B., Bakker-Arkema, F.W., Hall, C.W., Drying and storage of grain and oilseeds, edisi 4, penerbit Van Nostrad, 1992.

BSN, Sale pisang, SNI 01-4319-1996, Standar Nasional Indonesia, 1996.

Çengel, Y.A., Boles, M.A., Kanoglu, M., Thermodynamics an engineering approach, edisi 9, penerbit McGraw-Hill, 2019.

Çengel, Y.A., Turner, R.H., Cimbala, J.M., Fundamental of Thermal-fluid Sciences, edisi 5, penerbit McGraw-Hill Companies, 2016.

Charmongkolpradit, S., Somboon, T., Phatchana, R., Sang-aroon, W., Tanwanichkul, B., Influence of drying temperature on anthocyanin and moisture contents in purple waxy corn kernel using a tunnel dryer, Case Studies in Thermal Engineering, 25, 100886, 2021.

Dasore, A., Polavarapu, T., Konijeti, R., Puppala, N., Convective hot air drying kinetics of red beetroot in thin layers, Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, 14(23), 1-8, 2020.

Djaeni, M., Irfandy, F., Utari, F.D., Drying rate and efficiency energy analysis of paddy drying using dehumidification with zeolite, IOP Conf. Series: Journal of Physics, 1295, 012049, 2019.

Engineering ToolBox, Food and foodstuff-specific heat, Available online:, (accessed on January 25, 2024).

Fathurahman, R., Surjosatyo, A., Utilization of rice husk as a fuel for gasification-A review, IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 1034, 012065, 2022.

Hamdani, Rizal, T.A., Muhammad, Z., Fabrication and testing of hybrid solar-biomass dryer for drying fish, Case Studies in Thermal Engineering, 12, 489-496, 2018.

Hansen, A.F., Hasle, P., Caroly, S., Reinhold, K., Järvis, M., Herrig, A.O., Heiberg, B.D., Søgaard, K., Punnett, L., Stochkendahl, M.J., Participatory ergonomics: What works for whom and why? A realist review, Ergonomics, 2023.

Haq, M.A.U., Nawaz, M.A., Akram, F., Natarajan, V.K., Theoretical implications of renewable energy using improved cooking stoves for rural households, International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, 10(5), 546-554, 2020.

Henderson, S.M., Perry, R.L., Agricultural Process Engineering, penerbit The AVI Pub. Co., Inc., Westport, Connecticut, 1976.

Hossain, S.K.S., Mathurand, L., Roy, P.K., Rice husk/rice husk ash as an alternative source of silica in ceramics: A review, Journal of Asian Ceramic Societies, 6(4), 299–313, 2018.

International Finance Corporation, Converting biomass to energy: A guide for developers and investors, Pennsylvania Avenue, N.W. Washington, D.C., June, 2017.

Lakshmi, D.V.N., Muthukuma, P., Ekka, J.P., Nayak, P.K., Layek, A., Performance comparison of mixed mode and indirect mode parallel flow forced convection solar driers for drying Curcuma zedoaria, J. Food Process Eng., 42(4), 1-12, 2019.

Limerick, R.B., Participatory ergonomics: Evidence and implementation lessons, Applied Ergonomics, 68, 289-293, 2018.

Logeswaran, J., Shamsuddin, A.H., Silitonga, A.S., Mahlia, T.M.I., Prospect of using rice straw for power generation: a review, Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 27, 25956-25969, 2020.

Oshwiki, Heat at work-guidance for workplaces, European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, 2023, Available online: (accessed on January 21, 2024).

Paristiawan, P.A., Ghazali, I., Aryanti, D., Budiarjono, Amanah, A., Idris, M., Hermansyah, D., Ali, E.A.B., A review of solar drying design and architecture: direct, indirect and mixed-mode solar dryer, Jurnal Polimesin, 2(20), 200-205, 2022.

Prabaningrum, R., Sutrisno, J., Khairiyakh, R., Analisis usaha industry sale pisang skala rumah tangga di kecamatan Karangpucung kabupaten Cilacap, Jurnal Kewirausahaan dan Bisnis, 27(2), 117-129, 2022.

Sasongko, N.A., Putra, N.G., Wardani, M.L.D., Review of types of biomass as a fuel-combustion feedstock and their characteristics, Advances in Food Science, Sustainable Agriculture and Agroindustrial Engineering, 6(2), 170-184, 2023.

Singh, R., Mochizuki, M., Mashiko, K., Nguyen, T., Data center energy conservation by heat pipe based pre-cooler system, Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, 13(24), 1-6, 2019.

Soponpongpipat, N., Nanetoe, S., Comsawang, P., Thermal and torrefaction characteristics of a small-scale rotating drum reactor, Processes, 8(4), 489, 2020.

Sormunen, E., Mäenpää‑Moilanen, E., Ylisassi, H., Turunen, J., Remes, J., Karppinen, J., Martimo, K.P., Participatory ergonomics intervention to prevent work disability among workers with low back pain: a randomized clinical trial in workplace setting, Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation, 32, 731-742, 2022.

Susana, I G.B., Alit, I.B., Okariawan, I D.K., Rice husk energy rotary dryer experiment for improved solar drying thermal performance on cherry coffee, Case Studies in Thermal Engineering, 41, 102616, 2023.

Susana, I G.B., Improve of worker performance and quality of anchovy with ergonomic hybrid solar dryer, Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 13(5), 1662-1667, 2018.

Susana, I G.B., Alit, I.B., Yudhyadi, I G.N.K., Alat pengering berbahan bakar limbah sekam padi dengan mekanisme penukar kalor, Paten, HKI-3-HI.05.02.04.S24201803999-DS, Direktorat Jenderal Kekayaan Intelektual, Kementerian Hukum dan Hak Asasi Manusia RI, Jakarta, 2021.

Tanggasari, D., Ariskanopitasari, Afgani, C.A., Karakteristik pengeringan pisang kapok berdasarkan ketebalan irisan dan proses bolak balik pada pembuatan pisang sale, Jurnal Agrotek UMMAT, 10(1), 66-75, 2023.

Tangka, J.K., Ngah, J.K., Tidze, V.C., Sako, E.T., A rice husk fired biomass stove for cooking, water and space heating, International Journal of Trend in Research and Development, 5(6), 83-89, 2018.

Taormina, P.J., Hardin, M.D., Food safety and quality-based shelf life of perishable foods, Penerbit Springer, Switzerland, 2021.

Thiedeitz, M., Schmidt, W., Härder, M., Kränkel, T., Performance of rice husk as has supplementary cementitious material after production in the field and in the lab, Materials, 13(19), 1-17, 2020.

Yan, S., Yin, D., He, F., Cai, J., Schliermann, T., Behrendt, F., Characteristics of smoldering on moist rice husk for silica production, Sustainability, 14(1), 317, 2022.

Zambrano, M.V., Dutta, B., Mercer, D.G., MacLean, H.L., Touchie, M.F., Assessment of moisture content measurement methods of dried food products in small-scale operations in developing countries: A review, Trends in Food Science & Technology, 88, 484-496, 2019.

Zhang, X., Keramati, H., Arie, M., Singer, F., Tiwari, R., Shooshtari, A., Ohadi, M., Recent developments in high temperature heat exchangers: a review, Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, 11(18), 1-14, 2018.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2024

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

After being re-accredited, the Journal of Dinamika Teknik Mesin, still has sinta 3 (S3) which is valid until 2025.
View My Stats